By Francesca M. Kerton
Conventional solvents may be unsafe by way of toxicity, flammability and waste iteration. hence, replacement solvents now shape a considerable a part of eco-friendly chemistry. This e-book covers the most recent advancements during this starting to be box in addition to a few key parts which were neglected in prior literature. Solvents are very important in lots of parts of chemistry so the writer has followed a normal method encompassing of a variety of solvents. As a part of the fairway Chemistry sequence, examples are used that tie in with the 12 ideas of eco-friendly chemistry corresponding to atom effective reactions in benign solvents, processing of renewable chemical compounds and fabrics in eco-friendly solvents.
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Additional resources for Alternative Solvents for Green Chemistry (RSC Green Chemistry Series)
Anastas, Ind. Eng. Chem. , 2002, 41, 4498. 14. C. Reichardt, Solvents and Solvent Eﬀects in Organic Chemistry, WileyVCH, Weinheim, 2003. 15. R. A. , 2007, 9, 1273. 16. C. Capello, S. Hellweg, B. Badertscher and K. Hungerbuhler, Environ. Sci. , 2005, 39, 5885. 17. S. Bouquillon, T. Courant, D. Dean, N. Gathergood, S. Morrissey, B. Pegot, P. J. Scammells and R. D. Singer, Aust. J. , 2007, 60, 843. 18. J. R. Harjani, R. D. Singer, M. T. Garcia and P. J. , 2008, 10, 436. 19. K. Alfonsi, J. Colberg, P.
In this area, the use of water is highly desirable as a natural solvent. Steam distillation is also used in petroleum reﬁneries and petrochemical plants, where it is commonly referred to as ‘steam stripping’. Recent advances in the area of steam distillation have come with the introduction of microwave heating,6,7 which further reduces the decompositional change of thermally unstable compounds. 3 Chapter 3 Schematic diagram of the apparatus used for microwave accelerated steam distillation (MASD).
Process Res. , 2007, 11, 105. 1,2 Many industrial reactions are performed in the gas phase or without any solvent added. Similarly, many materials can be prepared without solvents via solid-state synthetic approaches. In addition to the term ‘solvent free’, the term ‘solventless’ is used in the literature to describe these reaction conditions. However, both these terms are somewhat misleading in many instances,3 and the word ‘neat’ might be a better description to explain the highly concentrated nature of the reagents and lack of additional solvent.
Alternative Solvents for Green Chemistry (RSC Green Chemistry Series) by Francesca M. Kerton