David T. Kemp (auth.), Geoffrey A. Manley, Richard R. Fay,'s Active Processes and Otoacoustic Emissions in Hearing PDF

By David T. Kemp (auth.), Geoffrey A. Manley, Richard R. Fay, Arthur N. Popper (eds.)

ISBN-10: 0387714677

ISBN-13: 9780387714677

ISBN-10: 0387714693

ISBN-13: 9780387714691

Sounds which are truly produced via fit ears enable researchers and clinicians to review listening to and cochlear functionality noninvasively in either animals and people. Active strategies and Otoacoustic Emissions in Hearing offers the 1st severe assessment of the organic foundation of those otoacoustic emissions. energetic approaches, akin to these in hair cells that produce emissions, symbolize a burgeoning and critical quarter of sensory examine. by means of offering a foundation for figuring out how and why otoacoustic emissions checking out works via a easy figuring out of normal listening to approaches, this quantity also will curiosity clinicians, relatively otolaryngologists and audiologists.

Contents:

    • Otoacoustic Emissions - Origins David Kemp
    • Traveling Waves, moment Filters and Physiological Vulnerability: a brief heritage of the invention of energetic approaches in listening to Nigel P. Cooper, James O. Pickles and Geoffrey A. Manley
    • Critical Oscillators as energetic components in listening to Thomas A. J. Duke and Frank Jülicher
    • Active Hair-Bundle Motility of the Hair Cells of Vestibular and Auditory Organs Pascal Martin
    • The Morphological Specializations and Electromotility of the Mammalian Outer Hair telephone Richard Hallworth and Heather C. Jensen-Smith
    • Active approaches in Insect listening to Martin Göpfert and Daniel Robert
    • Otoacoustic Emissions in Amphibians, Lepidosaurs and Archosaurs Geoffrey A. Manley and Pim van Dijk
    • Otoacoustic Emissions: simple experiences in Mammalian types Brenda Lonsbury-Martin and Glen Martin
    • Mechanisms of Mammalian Otoacoustic Emission Christopher A. Shera and John J. Guinan, Jr.
    • Cellular and Molecular Mechanisms within the Efferent keep an eye on of Cochlear Nonlinearities Ian J. Russell and Andrei N. Lukashkin
    • Cochlear versions Incorporating lively techniques Stephen Neely and Duck On Kim
    • Relations among Otoacoustic and Psychophysical Measures of Cochlear functionality Tiffany A. Johnson, Michael P. Gorga, Stephen T. Neely, Andrew J. Oxenham and Christopher A. Shera
    • Otoacoustic Emissions as a Diagnostic device in a medical Context Thomas Janssen and Jörg Müller
    • Future instructions within the learn of lively approaches and Otoacoustic Emissions Geoffrey A. Manley and William E. Brownell

About the editors:

Geoffrey A. Manley, Lehrstuhl fur Zoologie, Technical collage of Munich, Garching, Germany. Richard R. Fay is Director of the Parmly listening to Institute and Professor of Psychology at Loyola college of Chicago. Arthur N. Popper is Professor within the division of Biology and Co-Director of the guts for Comparative and Evolutionary Biology of listening to on the collage of Maryland, collage Park.

About the series:

The Springer instruction manual of Auditory Research provides a chain of man-made stories of primary subject matters facing auditory platforms. each one quantity is self sustaining and authoritative; taken as a suite, this sequence is the definitive source within the field.

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Additional resources for Active Processes and Otoacoustic Emissions in Hearing

Example text

Brownell WE (1983) Observations on a motile response in isolated outer hair cells. In: Webster DB and Aitkin LM (eds) Neural Mechanisms of Hearing. , pp. 5–10. Brownell WE, Bader CR, Bertrand D, de Ribaupierre Y (1985) Evoked mechanical responses of isolated cochlear hair cells. Science 227:194–196. Collet L, Kemp DT, Veuillet E, Duclaux R, Moulin A, Morgon A (1990) Effect of contralateral auditory stimuli on active cochlear micro-mechanical properties in human subjects. Hear Res 43:251–261. Cooper MA, Dultsev FN, Minson T, Ostanin VP, Abell C, Klenerman D (2001) Direct and sensitive detection of a human virus by rupture event scanning.

This was based on their finding that the frequency at which these phenomena occurred could be altered slightly by the application of excess air pressure to the ear canal (Fig. 4d), which stiffened the middle air. Their initial conclusion presented at the XIIIth International Congress of Audiology, held in Firenze in 1976, was that “a [regular] framework of highly tuned resonant systems assisted in the reception of near threshold sounds. The mechanism must be active and must be at least partly peripheral” (Kemp and Martin 1976; this abstract is reproduced in Kemp 1998 and discussed in Kemp 2003).

The expectation was to see multiple “echoes” of the applied click stimulus with an interecho interval of about 10 ms, as anticipated from the interfrequency peak interval of the auditory microstructure. The transient evoked emissions actually obtained were prolonged and complex, and were unique to each individual ear. However, no discrete “click” echoes could be identified. This result should have been anticipated. The cochlear travelingwave propagation was known to be frequency dispersive, and the auditory microstructure was itself known to be a highly individual phenomenon with complex frequency fine structure.

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Active Processes and Otoacoustic Emissions in Hearing by David T. Kemp (auth.), Geoffrey A. Manley, Richard R. Fay, Arthur N. Popper (eds.)


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