By Bertrand Russell
Seeing that its first book in 1945? Lord Russell's A heritage of Western Philosophy has been universally acclaimed because the striking one-volume paintings at the topic — unheard of in its comprehensiveness, its readability, its erudition, its grace and wit. In seventy-six chapters he strains philosophy from the increase of Greek civilization to the emergence of logical research within the 20th century. one of the philosophers thought of are: Pythagoras, Heraclitus, Parmenides, Empedocles, Anaxagoras, the Atomists, Protagoras, Socrates, Plato, Aristotle, the Cynics, the Sceptics, the Epicureans, the Stoics, Plotinus, Ambrose, Jerome, Augustine, Benedict, Gregory the nice, John the Scot, Aquinas, Duns Scotus, William of Occam, Machiavelli, Erasmus, extra, Bacon, Hobbes, Descartes, Spinoza, Leibniz, Locke, Berkeley, Hume, Rousseau, Kant, Hegel, Schopenhauer, Nietzsche, the Utilitarians, Marx, Bergson, James, Dewey, and finally the philosophers with whom Lord Russell himself is such a lot heavily linked — Cantor, Frege, and Whitehead, co-author with Russell of the huge Principia Mathematica.
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Considering that its first booklet in 1945? Lord Russell's A background of Western Philosophy has been universally acclaimed because the striking one-volume paintings at the topic — extraordinary in its comprehensiveness, its readability, its erudition, its grace and wit. In seventy-six chapters he strains philosophy from the increase of Greek civilization to the emergence of logical research within the 20th century.
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When you rise from the bedclothes, roll them together and smooth out the impress of the body. * All these precepts belong to primitive tabu-conceptions. " Pythagoreanism, he says, was a movement of reform in Orphism, and Orphism was a movement of reform in the worship of Dionysus. The opposition of the rational and the mystical, which runs all through history, first appears, among the Greeks, as an opposition between the Olympic gods and those other less civilized gods who had more affinity with the primitive beliefs dealt with by anthropologists.
Orphic tablets have been found in tombs, giving instructions to the soul of the dead person as to how to find his way in the next world, and what to say in order to prove himself worthy of salvation. They are broken and incomplete; the most nearly complete (the Petelia tablet) is as follows: Thou shalt find on the left of the House of Hades a Well-spring, And by the side thereof standing a white cypress. To this well-spring approach not near. But thou shalt find another by the Lake of Memory, Cold water flowing forth, and there are Guardians before it.
Roofed by the Quick and Carven Beam, By Chalyb steel and wild bull's blood. In flawless joints of Cypress wood Made steadfast. There in one pure stream My days have run. The servant I, Initiate, of Idaean Jove; * Where midnight Zagreus â€ roves, I rove; I have endured his thunder-cry; Fulfilled his red and bleeding feasts; Held the Great Mother's mountain flame; I am set free and named by name A Bacchos of the Mailed Priests. Robed in pure white I have borne me clean From man's vile birth and coffined clay, And exiled from my lips alway Touch of all meat where Life hath been.
A History of Western Philosophy [poor font] by Bertrand Russell