Read e-book online A Course in Statistical Thermodynamics PDF

By Joseph Kestin

ISBN-10: 0124053505

ISBN-13: 9780124053502

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The atoms in a solid are endowed with a relatively small amount of kinetic energy, all of it due to small vibrations about fixed positions. When an external force or pressure is applied to a solid, the mean distances between molecules or atoms decrease. Hence, on the average, the repulsive forces between the particles increase, and thus balance the external force. Even the application of infinite compression does not cause matter to collapse because the repulsive force increases very fast at short range.

T t Modern accounts of the theory of liquids are given in: G. H. A. Cole, An Introduction to the Statistical Theory of Simple Dense Fluids, Pergamon Press, New York, 1967; J. M. H. Levelt and E. G. D. Cohen, A critical study of some theories of the liquid state including a comparison with experiment, in Studies in Statistical Mechanics, Volume II, (J. DeBoer and G. E. , Amsterdam, 1964; S. A. Rice and P. Gray, The Statistical Mechanics of Simple Liquids, Wiley, New York, 1965. 1. The kinetic energy of a system of two particles is E= (rrixVi2 + m2 v22)/2.

Finally, we shall be forced to speculate about the nature of the bonds which link atoms in a molecule, whether they are rigid, or otherwise. In other words, we shall be forced to postulate a suitable molecular model for every substance. It is quite clear that no direct experiments to verify the correctness of such models are possible. Any instrument which we might use for the purpose would be enormously large compared with the size of a molecule and could not, therefore, serve to measure the forces acting on the latter.

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A Course in Statistical Thermodynamics by Joseph Kestin


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